It

SYNOPSIS

Validates the results of a test inside of a Describe block.

SYNTAX

Normal (Default)

It [-Name] <String> [[-Test] <ScriptBlock>] [-TestCases <IDictionary[]>] [<CommonParameters>]

Pending

It [-Name] <String> [[-Test] <ScriptBlock>] [-TestCases <IDictionary[]>] [-Pending] [<CommonParameters>]

Skip

It [-Name] <String> [[-Test] <ScriptBlock>] [-TestCases <IDictionary[]>] [-Skip] [<CommonParameters>]

DESCRIPTION

The It command is intended to be used inside of a Describe or Context Block. If you are familiar with the AAA pattern (Arrange-Act-Assert), the body of the It block is the appropriate location for an assert. The convention is to assert a single expectation for each It block. The code inside of the It block should throw a terminating error if the expectation of the test is not met and thus cause the test to fail. The name of the It block should expressively state the expectation of the test.

In addition to using your own logic to test expectations and throw exceptions, you may also use Pester's Should command to perform assertions in plain language.

You can intentionally mark It block result as inconclusive by using Set-TestInconclusive command as the first tested statement in the It block.

EXAMPLES

EXAMPLE 1

function Add-Numbers($a, $b) {
return $a + $b
}
Describe "Add-Numbers" {
It "adds positive numbers" {
$sum = Add-Numbers 2 3
$sum | Should -Be 5
}
It "adds negative numbers" {
$sum = Add-Numbers (-2) (-2)
$sum | Should -Be (-4)
}
It "adds one negative number to positive number" {
$sum = Add-Numbers (-2) 2
$sum | Should -Be 0
}
It "concatenates strings if given strings" {
$sum = Add-Numbers two three
$sum | Should -Be "twothree"
}
}

EXAMPLE 2

function Add-Numbers($a, $b) {
return $a + $b
}
Describe "Add-Numbers" {
$testCases = @(
@{ a = 2; b = 3; expectedResult = 5 }
@{ a = -2; b = -2; expectedResult = -4 }
@{ a = -2; b = 2; expectedResult = 0 }
@{ a = 'two'; b = 'three'; expectedResult = 'twothree' }
)
It 'Correctly adds \<a\> and \<b\> to get \<expectedResult\>' -TestCases $testCases {
param ($a, $b, $expectedResult)
$sum = Add-Numbers $a $b
$sum | Should -Be $expectedResult
}
}

PARAMETERS

-Name

An expressive phrase describing the expected test outcome.

Type: String
Parameter Sets: (All)
Aliases:
Required: True
Position: 1
Default value: None
Accept pipeline input: False
Accept wildcard characters: False

-Test

The script block that should throw an exception if the expectation of the test is not met.If you are following the AAA pattern (Arrange-Act-Assert), this typically holds the Assert.

Type: ScriptBlock
Parameter Sets: (All)
Aliases:
Required: False
Position: 2
Default value: { }
Accept pipeline input: False
Accept wildcard characters: False

-TestCases

Optional array of hashtable (or any IDictionary) objects. If this parameter is used, Pester will call the test script block once for each table in the TestCases array, splatting the dictionary to the test script block as input. If you want the name of the test to appear differently for each test case, you can embed tokens into the Name parameter with the syntax 'Adds numbers \<A> and \<B>' (assuming you have keys named A and B in your TestCases hashtables.)

Type: IDictionary[]
Parameter Sets: (All)
Aliases:
Required: False
Position: Named
Default value: None
Accept pipeline input: False
Accept wildcard characters: False

-Pending

Use this parameter to explicitly mark the test as work-in-progress/not implemented/pending when you need to distinguish a test that fails because it is not finished yet from a tests that fail as a result of changes being made in the code base. An empty test, that is a test that contains nothing except whitespace or comments is marked as Pending by default.

Type: SwitchParameter
Parameter Sets: Pending
Aliases:
Required: False
Position: Named
Default value: False
Accept pipeline input: False
Accept wildcard characters: False

-Skip

Use this parameter to explicitly mark the test to be skipped. This is preferable to temporarily commenting out a test, because the test remains listed in the output. Use the Strict parameter of Invoke-Pester to force all skipped tests to fail.

Type: SwitchParameter
Parameter Sets: Skip
Aliases: Ignore
Required: False
Position: Named
Default value: False
Accept pipeline input: False
Accept wildcard characters: False

CommonParameters

This cmdlet supports the common parameters: -Debug, -ErrorAction, -ErrorVariable, -InformationAction, -InformationVariable, -OutVariable, -OutBuffer, -PipelineVariable, -Verbose, -WarningAction, and -WarningVariable. For more information, see about_CommonParameters.

INPUTS

OUTPUTS

NOTES

RELATED LINKS

https://pester.dev/docs/commands/Describe

https://pester.dev/docs/commands/Context

https://pester.dev/docs/commands/Set-TestInconclusive

https://pester.dev/docs/commands/Should